James Nichols, Mark Claypool, Robert Kinicki and Mingzhe Li
While previous research has shown that streaming media can respond to network congestion, it is not known to what extent commercial products are responsive. Knowledge of streaming media's response to congestion encountered in the network is important in building networks that better accommodate their turbulence. This research seeks to characterize the bitrate response of Windows Streaming Media (WSM) in response to network-level metrics such as capacity, loss rate, and round-trip time. We construct a streaming media test bed that allows us to systematically vary network and content encoding characteristics to measure WSM congestion responsiveness under various streaming configurations and network conditions. We find WSM has a prominent buffering phase in which it sends data at a bitrate significantly higher than the steady-state playout rate. Overall, WSM is responsive to available capacity, but is often unfair to TCP. The additional characteristics we measure can be combined to guide emulation or simulation configurations and network traffic generators for use in further research.
Video Tracer - Performance of Commercial Streaming Video on the Internet
Jae Chung, Mark Claypool and Yali Zhu. Measurement of the Congestion Responsiveness of RealPlayer Streaming Video Over UDP, In Proceedings of the Packet Video Workshop (PV), Nantes, France, April 2003. Online at: http://www.cs.wpi.edu/~claypool/papers/h2h/
Mingzhe Li, Mark Claypool and Robert Kinicki. MediaPlayer versus RealPlayer - A Comparison of Network Turbulence, In Proceedings of the ACM SIGCOMM Internet Measurement Workshop (IMW), Marseille, France, November 6-8, 2002. Online at: http://www.cs.wpi.edu/~claypool/papers/turbulence/
Yubing Wang, Mark Claypool and Zheng Zuo. An Empirical Study of RealVideo Performance Across the Internet, In Proceedings of the ACM SIGCOMM Internet Measurement Workshop (IMW), San Francisco, California, USA, November 2001. Online at: http://www.cs.wpi.edu/~claypool/papers/real-tracer/