Jae Chung and Mark Claypool
The explosive increase in Internet traffic has placed a growing emphasis on congestion control and fairness in Internet routers. Approaches to the problem of congestion, such as active queue management schemes like Random Early Detection (RED) use congestion avoidance techniques and are successful with TCP flows. Approaches to the problem of fairness, such as Fair Random Early Drop (FRED), punish misbehaved, non-TCP flows. Unfortunately, these punishment mechanisms result in a significant performance drop for multimedia flows that are well behaved. We extend Class-Based Threshold (CBT), and propose a new active queue management mechanism as an extension to RED called Dynamic Class-Based Threshold (D-CBT) to improve multimedia performance on the Internet. The performance of our proposed mechanisms is measured, analyzed and compared with other mechanisms (RED and CBT) in terms of throughput and fairness through simulation using NS. The study shows that D-CBT improves fairness among different classes of flows.