getWager This function asks the player to input a dollar amount to wager on the next game. The function calls validWager (see below) to check the wager to make sure it doesn't exceed the player's current bank balance, and to make sure that it is greater than 0. As long as the wager is invalid, the player is asked to enter a new wager. Once a valid wager is entered, it is returned to the calling function.
validWager This function checks the wager to make sure it doesn't exceed the player's current bank balance. If the wager is less than or equal to the current bank balance, the function returns 1 (true), otherwise it returns 0 (false).
playGame plays a single game of craps (this is most of the code from Figure 5.10, packaged as a function instead of as a complete program). It returns to the caller one of the enumerated constants WON or LOST.
adjustBalance This function either adds the wager to or subtracts the wager from the player's current balance, depending upon whether the last game played was WON or LOST. The function returns the updated balance.
getYesOrNo This function asks if the player would like to play another game of craps. The function checks the response to make sure it is either 'y' or 'n'. The function will repeatedly ask for a y/n response until a valid response is entered. The answer (either 'y' or 'n') is returned to the calling function.
For each function you should write pre- and post-conditions, design the function as a black box (you don't have to turn in the black box), define a prototype, write a stub, and, once the program compiles successfully with each stub, fill in the function definitions (one at a time).
Balance = $1000.00 Enter wager: 100 Player rolled 5 + 6 = 11 Player wins Balance = $1100.00 Do you want to play another game? (y or n): y Enter wager: 1500 Your wager must not exceed your current balance. Enter a new wager: 900 Player rolled 3 + 1 = 4 Point is 4 Player rolled 4 + 5 = 9 Player rolled 5 + 5 = 10 Player rolled 5 + 6 = 11 Player rolled 3 + 3 = 6 Player rolled 3 + 5 = 8 Player rolled 6 + 2 = 8 Player rolled 1 + 5 = 6 Player rolled 3 + 5 = 8 Player rolled 5 + 6 = 11 Player rolled 3 + 1 = 4 Player wins Balance = $2000.00 Do you want to play another game? (y or n): q You must answer y or n. Do you want to play another game? (y or n): y Enter wager: 2000 Player rolled 6 + 5 = 11 Player wins Balance = $4000.00 Do you want to play another game? (y or n): n Your final balance is $4000.00
ch = getchar();That still leaves the newline character in the input buffer. This becomes a problem if the user had typed in an invalid response like q instead of y or n, because the next time you try to use getchar to read in a valid response it will read in the newline, not the user's new input value. Similar problems are encountered if you use getchar after reading in a numeric value; scanf reads in the characters for the numeric value, and leaves the next character to be read (the newline character) still in the input buffer. A quick way to fix this problem is to follow each input statement with the loop:
while (getchar() != '\n');(Notice the placement of the semi-colon. The loop body is empty.) This loop essentially reads the rest of the characters on the line, and ignores them, until it reaches the end of the line. The next time your program executes an input statement (either scanf or getchar) it will get the input from the next line typed by the user. You may find getYesOrNo the most difficult function to write for this assignment. I suggest you get everything else working in your program first, then add the code that relies on getYesOrNo.
/cs/bin/turnin submit cs2301 PROJECT2 craps.c README
Programs submitted after 5pm on November 9 will be tagged as late, and will be subject to the late homework policy.